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High blood pressure or Hypertension's A-Z

Dr. Abdul Hannan Mia 2021-06-06T16:46:00+06:00 , Updated: 2 years ago Known Diseases , High Blood Pressure Or Hypertension 0 387
High blood pressure or Hypertension's A-Z

Today we will know what is high blood pressure, symptoms of high blood pressure, how do you know if you have high blood pressure, High blood pressure problems / complications, causes of high blood pressure, ways to control high blood pressure and many more

What is high blood pressure?

If the blood pressure in the arteries of the heart is much higher than normal, it is characterized as high blood pressure or hypertension. This blood pressure is recorded through two values at systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. The higher the number of values is called systolic pressure, and the lower the number of values is called diastolic pressure.

A healthy healthy adult has a blood pressure (systolic pressure - 120 and diastolic pressure - 80)  120/80 mm Hg.

Symptoms of high blood pressure

How do you know if you have high blood pressure?

Check your blood pressure after sitting for at least 5 minutes and 3 times a week at different times. If your blood pressure is 140/90 or higher, you can be sure that you are suffering from hypertension. On the other hand, if your blood pressure readings are around 90/60, you can be sure that you are suffering from low blood pressure.

American Heart Association says, more than 100 million Americans have high blood pressure.

Most have no symptoms of hypertension, but some common symptoms do exist

  • Severe headache and dizziness or heaviness of the head
  • Slightly getting angry or restless, body trembling
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Neck pain
  • Insomnia
  • Lots of time lost consciousness

Many people are unaware that they have high blood pressure because there are no symptoms of high blood pressure, which is why it is called the "silent killer."

Complications with high blood pressure

High blood pressure causes certain problems in the body. Such as brain stroke or bleeding, heart attack, eye problems, kidney problems, etc. High blood pressure can cause damage to all four of these organs.

The World Health Organization estimates that an estimated 1.13 billion people worldwide have high blood pressure, most of whom (two-thirds) live in low-middle-income countries.

The US National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) estimates that about one billion people worldwide suffer from high blood pressure and that number will rise to 1.5 billion by 2025.

Causes of high blood pressure

  • Excess body weight gain or obesity
  • If you don't exercise regularly or not physical work
  • Eat extra (six grams or more than one teaspoon) of salt or raw salt every day.
  • If anyone in the family history (such as parents, siblings) already has high blood pressure
  • Smoking or drinking or eating excess caffeine foods / drinks
  • If you have trouble sleeping for a long time
  • If there is physical and mental stress

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2018, high blood pressure was included as the primary or contributing cause for nearly half a million deaths in the United States.

Ways to prevent and control high blood pressure 

  • Eat less salt (stop eating raw salt).
  • If you are overweight, you have to lose weight.
  • Regular walking, physical activity and exercise should be done.
  • Smoking / drinking or excess caffeinated foods / drinks must be avoided.
  • Stress or anxiety should be reduced
  • If you have diabetes, you need to control your diabetes.
  • Take homeopathic treatment.

Dr. Abdul Hannan Mia (B,A)

D.H.M.S (Dhaka)

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