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What is Heart disease and it's A to Z

Dr. Abdul Hannan Mia 2021-05-20T01:50:56+06:00 , Updated: 2 years ago Known Diseases , Heart Disease 0 590
What is Heart disease and it's A to Z

Today we will know what is heart disease, why is heart disease, what is the cause, what are the initial symptoms, diet and ways and remedies to get rid of it.

What is Heart Disease

Heart disease refers to certain conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels, meaning that the normal functioning of the heart is disrupted. Heart failure occurs when the heart cannot function properly. Heart attack is a silent killer. Today, heart disease is one of the most common causes of death and includes conditions such as arrhythmia, coronary artery disease and congenital heart problems.

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, with one in four people dying of heart disease.

Heart attack and heart failure are the two most common types of heart disease worldwide.

The main causes of heart disease

The causes of heart disease vary according to the type of disease and include:

  • Atherosclerotic heart disease: unhealthy eating, lazy lifestyle, weight gain and smoking.
  • Arrhythmias: Innate (from birth) heart defects, diabetes, high blood pressure, drug use, smoking and stress.
  • Heart defects: Certain medical or physical conditions or genetic factors affect the development of the fetal heart.
  • Heart Infection: Caused by germs, viruses or parasites that reach the heart through the bloodstream. Rheumatic heart disease, syphilis, valvular heart disease and heart surgery or oral cavity make the heart more susceptible to infection.

The main signs and symptoms of heart disease

  • Symptoms associated with atherosclerosis include:
  • Chest tightness, pain (common in men) and discomfort (common in women).
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Chest pain that spreads to the jaw, neck, back and lower abdomen.
  • Numbness of hands and feet, pain and weakness.

Heart disease is a silent killer. Living a healthy life and eating a healthy diet is one of the best ways to prevent heart disease.

Symptoms associated with arrhythmias are:

  • Feeling a throbbing in the chest.
  • Chest throbbing and head horse.
  • Tachycardia (rapid heartbeat).
  • Bradycardia (slow heartbeat).
  • Shortness of breath.

Symptoms associated with heart failure or heart failure are:

  • In the case of children, pale, and bluish skin color.
  • In the case of babies, reluctance to eat may occur due to difficulty in breathing during feeding, so there is a possibility of weight loss.
  • Swelling of the hands, feet, and stomach.
  • One can easily feel tired after exercise or certain physical activities.

Symptoms associated with heart infection are:

  • Sweating or feeling cold at night.
  • Cough.
  • Murmur.
  • Pain in the chest, lower abdomen, fingers and toes.

Here are six major risk factors for heart disease:

  1. Obesity,
  2. Diabetes,
  3. Hypertension or high blood pressure,
  4. High triglycerides,
  5. Smoking habits
  6. History of chronic heart disease or hereditary heart disease.


  • Avoid excessive drinking.
  • Abstaining from smoking completely reduces the risk of heart disease.
  • Diabetes, blood pressure and triglycerides — lifestyle changes are needed to control these three villains.
  • Special attention should be paid to the diet.
  • Your doctor may recommend that you eat a low-fat diet and exercise or walk for at least 30 minutes each day.
  • Medications are needed to lower high blood pressure and lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.


  • Blood tests to assess cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
  • Stress test.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG).
  • Echocardiogram (Today Echo).
  • Tilt test.
  • Electrophysiological test.
  • Coronary angiogram.
  • CT (computer tomography) scan.

Be aware

  • The level of triglycerides in the blood of a healthy and strong person should be less than 160 mg per deciliter.
  • Excluding fatty meats, palm oil, dalda, coconut, egg yolks, butter, ghee, cashew nuts, processed meats, packaged foods, cakes, pastries or extra sugary foods, bad cholesterol cannot settle in the body.
  • Just as low-fat spices are good for the heart, they also help control bad cholesterol levels. You don't just have to see how much fat, you also have to see how much trans fat. Bad cholesterol accumulates in the body from trans fat.
  • Foods rich in antioxidants and fiber should be included in the diet to control bad cholesterol.
  • Vegetables, vegetables, fruits, as well as foods rich in essential fatty acids.
  • Among the fruits, of course, useful are apples, vedanas, musambi, lemons, dates.
  • Dark chocolate keeps the heart well, reduces the risk of cancer.
  • The white part of the egg is especially helpful in maintaining the balance of blood circulation in the heart and in controlling the heart rate.
  • Rich in vitamin K, spinach protects the arteries and helps keep blood pressure low.
  • You can add berry leaves to enhance the taste of smoothies or fruit salads.
  • 150 grams of blueberries maintain the vascular function of the heart. The antioxidant anthocyanins in it increase the effectiveness of the heart and keep away cardiovascular disease.

Some food advice / questions and answers

What foods to eat less

  • More oily or fatty foods, more carbohydrate foods so that you have more calories that cause weight gain should be avoided.

What foods to eat more

  • Low calorie foods such as fresh and colorful vegetables, fruits, salads, various types of fish especially marine fish and fish oils, protein or non-vegetarian foods, plant nootropic oils should be eaten more.
  • Beef, khasi or buffalo meat is not strictly forbidden, but it should not be eaten in large quantities, sometimes in small quantities.
  • People who do not eat beef, khasi or buffalo at all, may or may not have a blockage in the coronary arteries of the heart.
  • In addition to avoiding extra oily foods, extra carbohydrate foods such as rice, bread, potatoes, sugar, sweets, soft drinks should be avoided.
  • It is often seen that 10-12 year old children have accumulated cholesterol or fat in different parts of their body like face or hands and high levels of cholesterol and other fats in the blood. Angiogram shows many blocks for their chest pain, but how much longer are they in life? Or have eaten oily or fatty foods that have high levels of fat in their blood and many blockages in the blood vessels of the heart.
  • It is often seen that due to genetic or hereditary diseases, cholesterol builds up in the body, skin, corners of eyes, blood cholesterol levels are very high, even angiogram shows many blockages in the coronary arteries of the heart. So this problem is mainly due to genetic or hereditary reasons, the relationship between food fat and blood fat is less.
  • Why do people who do not eat beef or poultry at all, even vegetarians or vegans, have a lot of blockage in the coronary arteries of the heart and need to have a ring or stent implanted in their coronary artery or have a breast cut bypass surgery?
  • This can happen if one eats extra calorie foods such as carbohydrate foods or eats extra oily foods and does not exercise physically or adequately, these extra calories will accumulate in the body in the form of fat, increase body weight and increase the risk of diabetes. Increases the risk of heart disease and coronary artery blockage.
  • Only 10 percent of blood fats come from dietary fats, while the remaining 90 percent of blood fats are produced and supplied in excess blood due to genetic or hereditary problems in various parts of the body such as the liver and other organs. Increases levels and increases the risk of blockage in the coronary arteries of the heart.
  • Depending on the type and extent of the disease, your doctor may recommend surgery. If there is a blockage in the arteries that carry blood to the heart, a metal stent (angioplasty) may need to be inserted into the heart, or a new pathway for blood vessels may be created by inserting a clear blood vessel from the leg or chest (graft) (bypass surgery).

Dr. Abdul Hannan Mia (B,A)

D.H.M.S (Dhaka)

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